On sixteen June of yearly since 1606, the Sikhs have commemorated the martyrdom of Guru Arjan Dev, the fifth Guru and the primary Sikh Martyr. Earlier than the arrest, torture and Martyrdom of Guru Arjan Dev, the Sikhs had nothing to do with weapons or violence, as all of the Sikh Gurus had taught the message of compassion, love, dedication, arduous work, worship of 1 God and the dedication to peace and concord for all of the peoples of the world.
Through the Guruship of Guru Arjan many 1000’s of the native folks had started to comply with the teachings of Sikhism and each the Hindus and people who had transformed to or been born as Muslims had been crowding into Govindwal (the centre of the Sikhs through the late 1500s) the place they have been quickly changing into Sikhs.
The Mughal clergy, who had lengthy chaffed on the tolerance of Akbar, grew ever extra offended of the recognition and the rising following of the Sikh Gurus, however after the dying of Akbar in 1605, in his sonJahangir they noticed their greatest likelihood to destroy the Sikh establishment. Jahangir, in contrast to his father was a fundamentalist Muslim who quickly was influenced with the concept of turning the entire of Hindustan (because the Mughals known as their kingdom in Northwest India) into an Islamic State. The highly effective Hindus related to the Mughal Courtroom, having seen their very own energy base quickly disappearing beneath the affect of Guru Arjan, joined the Muslim Ulema of their try and affect Jahangir into arresting Guru Arjan, hoping to plunge a dagger into the center of Sikhi.
Jahangir, together with his personal jealousies, promptly obliged the enemies of Guru Sahib. Many baseless allegations had been quickly levelled in opposition to the Guru; the previous declare that the Sikh Granth defamed the Hindu and Muslim religions was leveled once more; it was additionally claimed that the rebellious Khusrau, Jahangir’s son who Akbar and lots of nobles of his Darbar (courtroom) noticed as a extra becoming Emperor, worthy of ruling India, greater than the wine loving, opium taking Jahangir, had been aided by Guru Arjan.
However within the conflict of succession Jahangir had gained and Khusrau had managed to carry onto Punjab alone. Diwan Chandu Shah (who had lastly warmed to a wedding of his daughter with Guru Arjan’s son Hargobind, had misplaced no anger when his proposal had been refused by Guru Arun Dev ji) went to Jahangir and “crammed his ear with poison towards the Guru”.
Accordingly in late Could 1606, Guru Arjan Dev was arrested and delivered to Lahore the place He was subjected to extreme torture. He was made to take a seat on a burning scorching plate after which purple scorching sand was poured over his head and physique. It’s stated that Mian Mir (a Muslim Sufi Saint and pal of Guru Sahib) tried to intercede on behalf of Guru Sahib, however Guru ji forbade him to intervene, as he’s mentioned, within the “Will of the Almighty”. Guru Ji’s physique was blistered and burnt, as he was subjected to unrelenting torture. After a number of days, Guru Arjan Dev was allowed to take a cooling bathtub within the close by river, Ravi.
As hundreds watched the Guru, he entered the river by no means to be seen once more. Thus Guru Sahib embraced martyrdom on Jeth Sudi 4th (1st Harh) Samvat 1663, (Might sixteen, 1606).
The martyrdom of Guru Arjan Dev Sahib radically modified all the character of Sikhism from a passive folks to brave saint troopers.
Acc. to some Historic Sources it’s mentioned that Guruji’s 6 days of torture came about at Chandu’s place.
Day 1 of Torture
Guru Jee was not given something to eat or drink. He was not allowed to sleep at evening. He was saved awake. Guru Sahib bore all this calmly. He remained immersed in Simran and repeated from his lips, “WaaheGuroo, WaaheGuroo, WaaheGuroo…” and sang Shabads from Gurbani.
Day 2 of Torture
On the next day, Chandu made the Guru sit in a pink–sizzling caldron. He stuffed the vessel with water. He ordered his males to mild a hearth underneath the copper vessel. The water started to get sizzling. After a time, the water started to boil. It SCALDED the Guru Sahib’s physique. However Guru Jee sat calmly and quietly. He felt no ache, nor did he cry out and even sigh. He felt no anger towards those that had been torturing him. He remained absorbed within the candy remembrance of Waheguru and repeated,
“All is going on, O Waheguru, in line with Thy Will. Thy Will is ever candy to me.”
The boiling water made the Guru’s flesh smooth and left blisters all around the physique.
Day three of Torture
On the third day, Chandu ordered his males, “Make some sand pink scorching in iron pans. Seat the Guru in boiling Water. Then pour the purple scorching sand on his head and physique”. The water boiled Guru Sahib’s flesh from under. The burning purple scorching sand burned Guru Jee’s head and physique from above. The individuals engaged in torturing him had been moist with sweat. They felt most uncomfortable due to the warmth. It was the most popular summer time month. However Guru Sahib stored calm and quiet. Once more, Guru Jee felt no ache, nor did he cry out, sigh or really feel anger. He stored pondering of Waheguru and doing Simran. Guru Jee repeated:
Teraa kee-aa meethaa laagai.
O Waheguru! Your actions appear so candy to me.
Har naam padaarath naanak maaNgai.
Nanak begs for the treasure of the Naam, the Identify of the Lord.
Guru Sahib mentioned, “All is occurring in accordance with waheguru’s will. Males who stand for Reality have typically to undergo. Their sufferings give stregnth to the reason for Reality. Go, brother. Pray for me. Pray for the success of my trigger. Pray for victory to fact.”His buddy and devotee, Mian Mir, a Muslim saint, rushed to see him. When Mian Mir noticed the ghastly scene, he cried out and mentioned, “O Grasp! I can not bear to see these horrors inflicted on thee. Should you allow me, I’d demolish this tyrant rule (Mian Mir is alleged to have possessed supernatural powers at the moment).” The Guru smiled and requested Mian Mir to look in the direction of the skies. It’s mentioned that Mian Mir noticed Angels begging the Guru’s permission to destroy the depraved and the proud.
Mian Mir requested, why was he enduring the struggling by the hands of his vile sinners when he ossesseth superpowers?
The Guru replied,”I bear all this torture to set an instance to the Academics of True Identify, that they could not lose persistence or rail at God in affliction. The true take a look at of religion is the hour of distress. With out examples to information them, peculiar individuals’ minds quail within the midst of struggling.”Upon this Mian Mir departed commending the Guru’s fortitude and singing his praises.
Day four of Torture
On the fourth day, Guru Ji was made to sit down on a plate of iron that was heated from under till it grew to become pink sizzling. Then scalding scorching sand was poured over his physique. Guru Sahib sat calm and fairly, and not using a cry or sigh, feeling no ache. He sat together with his thoughts mounted on Waheguru, dwelling the message of Gurbaani as he accepted the Will of Waheguru sweetly.
Day 5 of Torture
On the fifth day, GChandu thought to suffocate him in a contemporary cowhide, wherein he was to be sewn up. As an alternative the Guru requested for a shower in Ravi river which flowed embracing the partitions of Lahore metropolis. Chandu revelled on the thought that the Guru’s physique stuffed with blisters, would endure larger ache when dipped in chilly water and hepermitted him to wash within the river. The troopers have been despatched to escort the Guru. The Grasp’s disciples noticed him leaving. He checked out them nonetheless forbidding any motion. He mentioned,”Such is the Will of my God, undergo the Divine Will, transfer not, stand calm in opposition to ll woes.”
Crowds watched the Grasp standing within the river and having a dip. The sunshine blended with Gentle and the physique was discovered nowhere. Hail to the Grasp! Thou artwork Great– Martyr, the best. Thou artwork the Biggest!
Guru Arjan sowed the seed of martyrdom, which grew to become the heritage of the Sikhs.